COURSE Material
History 10
History 10

History 10 begins with events that brought the Medieval Age in Europe in the thirteenth century to a close. Beginning with the Renaissance, this course provides an understanding, from a Christian perspective, of the events that have occurred right through to the beginning of the twentieth century.


The required resource for History 10 is World History for Christian Schools, 2nd edition, by David A. Fisher (Bob Jones University Press). The course, which satisfies the objectives of Saskatchewan Learning for History 10, is divided into nine units and its workbook series was developed for use by schools using an individualized, mastery-based learning system. It comes, therefore, with score keys, tests, and test keys.

At the end of each unit, the student should be able to:

Unit 1: Introduction & The Renaissance

  • identify the main characteristics of the Renaissance, and contrast them with those of the Middle Ages
  • define humanism and explain its emergence as Renaissance thought
  • outline the course the Renaissance took through Europe
  • identify key writers of this time period, and explain their contribution to the development of Renaissance thought
  • explain how the visual arts expressed the spirit and attitudes of the Renaissance
  • identify key Renaissance painters, sculptors, and architects
  • compare Renaissance music with musical composition of the Middle Ages
  • explain the contribution Johannes Gutenberg made to European history
  • outline the positive and negative consequences of the Renaissance
  • evaluate the error of humanistic thought from a scriptural perspective


Unit 2: The Reformation

  • describe the western world in which the Reformation occurred
  • understand the background of the spiritual revival of the sixteenth century
  • identify key forerunners of the Reformation and outline their efforts at reform
  • describe Martin Luther’s spiritual awakening and his consequent influence in beginning the Protestant Reformation
  • explain and analyze the practice of selling "indulgences"
  • explain how the Leipzig debate led Luther to the conviction that the Bible alone is the sole authority for the Christian faith
  • describe Luther’s confrontation at the Diet of Worms, and outline the continuation of his work and the progress of the Reformation in Germany
  • outline the spread of the Reformation in Switzerland, England, Scotland, the Netherlands and France
  • outline how the Roman Catholic church sought to advance the Counter-Reformation in opposition to the Protestant Reformation
  • locate on a map, key cities and countries where Reformation events occurred


Unit 3: Exploration and Discovery

  • identify the motives that prompted European explorers
  • outline the advancements in navigational aids that facilitated exploration
  • recognize the major explorers and the areas that they explored
  • identify key characteristics of Amerindian civilizations
  • locate and identify the continents of the world
  • compare and contrast the motives, methods, and regions of exploration of the various European countries during the Age of Exploration and Discovery
  • define mercantilism and capitalism and list distinguishing characteristics of each


Unit 4: Pursuit of Power

  • define absolutism and trace its development in Europe
  • list the monarchs of Europe who ruled in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, and give the highlights of his/her reign
  • describe the economic, religious, and foreign policies of Louis XIV
  • contrast the rise of absolutism in France with the rise of parliamentary government in England
  • describe the struggle between the monarchy and Parliament in seventeenth century England
  • cite Scriptural references dealing with a Christian’s responsibility to his government


Unit 5: Age of Reason

  • define the scientific method and explain the limitations of science
  • recognize key men of science during the Age of Reason, and their contributions
  • summarize the ideas of the philosophers of the Age of Reason
  • evaluate the ideas of these philosophers in light of the Word of God
  • identify the men and outline the movements associated with the spiritual awakenings in Germany, England, and America
  • describe the art, music, and literature of the baroque, rococo, and neoclassical periods


Unit 6: Attempts at Liberty

  • explain why settlers came to America
  • identify the factors that led to the American War for Independence
  • outline some of the principles incorporated in the Constitution of the U.S.
  • provide examples of social and economic inequalities in France prior to 1789
  • summarize the reasons for the calling of the Estates-General in 1789
  • outline the stages of the French Revolution
  • identify the French governments from 1789 until 1804
  • describe Napoleon’s rise to power, his conquest, his reforms, and his downfall
  • explain the effects of the French Revolution on France and Europe
  • compare and contrast causes, the course, and consequences of the American and French Revolutions


Unit 7: Reaction and Revolution

  • outline the concerns expressed at the Congress of Vienna, and the changes they made in order to restore stability in Europe
  • define conservatism and liberalism as they existed in the nineteenth century
  • outline the revolts that occurred in Europe from 1820 to 1848, and the results
  • identify examples of nationalism in Europe during the nineteenth century
  • outline the steps that led to the unification of Italy and Germany
  • identify key political figures on this era, and explain their significance
  • recognize well-known romantic writers, and one major work of each
  • define romantic music and identify at least five major romantic composers
  • discuss authority of government and revolution from a biblical perspective
  • contrast the Age of Reason with the Romantic Age
  • identify changes to the map of Europe that were made in the nineteenth century


Unit 8: Industrial Revolution and European Society

  • outline the conditions that contributed to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
  • identify important inventors and their inventions, and explain how they contributed to the Industrial Revolution
  • explain the changes in British society that resulted from the Industrial Revolution
  • define the word reform
  • outline changes to social and political legislation in the nineteenth century
  • outline the teachings of the four types of socialism
  • outline the responses of Christians to the needs and problems of industrialized society
  • identify the distinguishing characteristics of realism impressionism, and post-impressionism


Unit 9: Expansion and Evangelism

  • outline the domestic expansion and foreign involvement of the United States during the nineteenth century
  • explain the differences between the Northern and Southern states that led to the Civil War
  • trace the steps toward independence and nationhood in Canada, Australia, South Africa, and Latin America
  • outline the problems that Latin American countries experienced after gaining their independence
  • explain how imperialism in African differed from that in Asia
  • outline the motives of European imperialism
  • identify the imperialistic nations of Europe and the regions they controlled
  • describe the impact of imperialism on various nations
  • explain how the imperialistic movement aided the spread of the gospel
  • outline the results, both positive and negative, of imperialism
  • identify key people, places, and events associated with this period of history
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